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However, he did serve as the President of Pennsylvania and head of the Supreme Executive Council of Pennsylvania, a position equivalent to today’s Pennsylvania governorship. Benjamin Franklin was born on January 17, 1706, in Boston, Massachusetts. In 1757 Franklin was appointed by the Pennsylvania Assembly to serve as the colony’s agent in England. His scientific pursuits included investigations into electricity, mathematics and mapmaking. Greek Mythology Stories: Persephone and the Origin of the Seasons, All About Bunnies: 10+ Facts About Rabbits. In 1723, after Franklin moved from Boston to Philadelphia, he lodged at the home of John Read, where he met and courted his landlord’s daughter Deborah. As U.S. president, he completed the Louisiana Purchase. After Franklin returned to Philadelphia in 1762, he toured the colonies to inspect its post offices. Benjamin Franklin was a Founding Father and a polymath, inventor, scientist, printer, politician, freemason and diplomat. Benjamin Franklin died from pleuritic attackat his home in Philadelphia on April 17, 1790, at age 84. He is a signatory of each of the United States’ four major founding documents, including the Declaration of Independence, the Treaty of Alliance with France, the Treaty of Paris and the U.S. Constitution. Source(s): benjamin franklin president: https://shortly.im/W5Or5. Franklin’s father, English-born soap and candlemaker Josiah Franklin, had seven children with first wife, Anne Child, and 10 more with second wife, Abiah Folger. © 2021 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. The image of Franklin that has come down through history, along with his likeness on the $100 bill, is something of a caricature—a bald man in a frock coat holding a kite string with a key attached. Franklin was a prolific inventor and scientist who was responsible for the following inventions: Franklin also discovered the Gulf Stream after his return trip across the Atlantic Ocean from London in 1775. As of 1969, the $100 bill with Benjamin Franklin is the largest denomination banknote issued in the United States. Another of his famous quotes from that era comes just after Washington had been elected the first president. After his return to Philadelphia in 1726, Franklin held varied jobs including bookkeeper, shopkeeper and currency cutter. Franklin served as the country’s first U.S. Postmaster General in 1775. American money, much like other world currencies, commemorates some of the country's most influential people. The future Founding Father rekindled his romance with Deborah Read and he took her as his common-law wife in 1730. In 1776, he was appointed commissioner to Canada and was one of five men to draft the Declaration of Independence. Encouraged by Pennsylvania Governor William Keith to set up his own print shop, Franklin left for London in 1724 to purchase supplies from stationers, booksellers and printers. Drafting the Declaration of Independence. He was a true polymath and entrepreneur, which is no doubt why he is often called the "First American.". After the Peace Treaty of Paris was signed in 1783 Franklin had to wait two more years until he was relieved of his duties as ambassador in Paris.Once in the United States, on October 18, 1785 he was unanimously elected President of the Council of Pennsylvania. Franklin was born on January 17, 1706, in Boston, in what was then known as the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Franklin returned to Philadelphia from France in 1785. Franklin became a member of Philadelphia’s city council in 1748 and a justice of the peace the following year. The freedom to openly criticize politicians … The fourth U.S. president, James Madison believed in a robust yet balanced federal government and is known as the "Father of the Constitution.". Ambassador to France, which he held for nine years. In 1730 Franklin was named the official printer of Pennsylvania. ASSOCIATED PRESS A portrait of Benjamin Franklin hangs above a bust of former President Harry Truman in President Joe Biden's Oval Office. Franklin was elected in 1787 to represent Pennsylvania at the Constitutional Convention, which drafted and ratified the new U.S. Constitution. He had less luck in 1732 when he launched the first German-language newspaper in the colonies, the short-lived Philadelphische Zeitung. In this way, Benjamin Franklin's head is featured on the hundred dollar bill, celebrating some of his most important contributions to American history. (Franklin later repudiated this thought and burned all but one copy of the pamphlet still in his possession.). Dipping wax and cutting wicks didn’t fire the young boy’s imagination, however. He threw himself into the task, drawing up plans for providing employment for freed Several Israeli officials and diplomats voiced disbelief, as the Japanese are known not to wear shoes at home or often even at work. However, he played an important role as one of eight Founding Fathers, helping draft the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution. Benjamin Banneker was a largely self-educated mathematician, astronomer, compiler of almanacs and writer. Fonctions 6 e président de Pennsylvanie 18 octobre 1785 – 5 novembre 1788 (3 ans et 18 jours) Vice-président Charles Biddle Thomas Mifflin Prédécesseur John Dickinson Successeur Thomas Mifflin 1 re ambassadeur des États-Unis en Suède 28 septembre 1782 – 3 avril 1783 (6 mois et 6 jours) … He was 84, suffered from gout and had complained of ailments for some time, completing the final codicil to his will a little more than a year and a half prior to his death. Franklin D. Roosevelt and his New Deal led the nation through the Great Depression. Franklin had actually written his epitaph when he was 22: “The body of B. Franklin, Printer (Like the Cover of an Old Book Its Contents torn Out And Stript of its Lettering and Gilding) Lies Here, Food for Worms. The Only President Who Was Never President. Thomas Jefferson was a Founding Father of the United States who wrote the Declaration of Independence. Franklin’s passionate denunciation of the tax in testimony before Parliament, however, contributed to the Stamp Act’s repeal in 1766. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu served the Japanese prime minister, Shinzo Abe, dessert in a shoe--highly offensive to Japanese. He had 16 siblings, but four of them died at birth. Philadelphia became his home base for the rest of his life. But the Work shall not be Lost; For it will (as he Believ'd) Appear once More In a New and More Elegant Edition Revised and Corrected By the Author.”, In the end, however, the stone on the grave he shared with his wife in the cemetery of Philadelphia’s Christ Church reads simply, “Benjamin and Deborah Franklin 1790.”. Benjamin Franklin was one of the most important and influential Founding Fathers of the United States of America. 0 2. Benjamin Harrison is best known as the 23rd president of the United States. He was the grandson of President William Henry Harrison. Silence Dogood, and “her” 14 imaginative and witty letters delighted readers of his brother’s newspaper, The New England Courant. No, he was never president. Although James mistreated and frequently beat his younger brother, Franklin learned a great deal about newspaper publishing and adopted a similar brand of subversive politics under the printer’s tutelage. Benjamin Franklin is a Founding Father of the United States. Was Benjamin Franklin a president? The two times Franklin moved to London, in 1757 and again in 1764, it was without Deborah, who refused to leave Philadelphia. He bequeathed most of his estate to Sarah and very little to his son William, whose opposition to the patriot cause still stung him. Franklin fanned the flames of revolution by sending the private letters of Massachusetts Governor Thomas Hutchinson to America. Founding universities and libraries, the post office, shaping the foreign policy of the fledgling United States, helping to draft the Declaration of Independence, publishing newspapers, warming us with the Franklin stove, pioneering advances in science, letting us see with bifocals and lighting our way with electricity—all from a man who never finished school but shaped his life through abundant reading and experience, a strong moral compass and an unflagging commitment to civic duty. Franklin was never elected president of the United States. Franklin learned to read at an early age, and despite his success at the Boston Latin School, he stopped his formal schooling at 10 to work full-time in his cash-strapped father’s candle and soap shop. In addition to weather forecasts, astronomical information and poetry, the almanac—which Franklin published for 25 consecutive years—included proverbs and Franklin’s witty maxims such as “Early to bed and early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise” and “He that lies down with dogs, shall rise up with fleas.”. Benjamin Franklin was an accomplished revolutionary, but his private life reveals a complex personality. He coined new electricity-related terms that are still part of the lexicon, such as battery, charge, conductor and electrify. In 1790 he petitioned the U.S. Congress to end slavery and the trade. At the end of 1732, Franklin published the first edition of Poor Richard’s Almanack. His first child, William … He is sometimes referred to as the "First American". Later in life, he became more vociferous in his opposition to slavery. Slaves and slavery were indirectly mentioned in the 1787 Constitution. Franklin's Transformation as an Abolitionist: Efforts to Refine Blacks in Colonial America. A moon rock is displayed on the bottom shelf of a nearby bookcase. He spent much of the next two decades in London, where he was drawn to the high society and intellectual salons of the cosmopolitan city. He moved into a new house in 1748. In the wake of the scandal, Franklin was removed as deputy postmaster general, and he returned to North America in 1775 as a devotee of the patriot cause. Benjamin Franklin (January 17, 1706 [O.S. His 1743 pamphlet "A Proposal for Promoting Useful Knowledge" underscored his interests and served as the founding document of the American Philosophical Society, the first scientific society in the colonies. Franklin’s views on slavery evolved over the following decades to the point that he considered the institution inherently evil, and thus, he freed his enslaved people in the 1760s. He was a man of letters, a publisher, a philosopher, a scientist, and the first major American inventor. The letters called for the restriction of the rights of colonists, which caused a firestorm after their publication by Boston newspapers. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! Around that time, Franklin fathered a son, William, out of wedlock who was taken in by the couple. DOWNLOAD BIOGRAPHY'S BENJAMIN FRANKLIN FACT CARD. Stan Dalone. Benjamin Franklin, the oldest and probably wisest delegate at the Convention, said that when the president falls under suspicion, a “regular and peaceable inquiry” is needed. Benjamin Franklin Bache’s decision to publish a secret communication between a French minister and President John Adams intensified Federalist hatred towards him, ultimately leading to his imprisonment under the Sedition Act of 1798. Though in his 80th year, he resumed active roles in the Pennsylvania Society for Promoting the Abolition of Slavery, the American Philosophical Society, and the University of Pennsylvania.. He also donated money that funded scholarships, schools and museums in Boston and Philadelphia. By 1748, the 42-year-old Franklin had become one of the richest men in Pennsylvania, and he became a soldier in the Pennsylvania militia. Franklin was his 15th child and youngest son. George Washington, a Founding Father of the United States, led the Continental Army to victory in the Revolutionary War and was America’s first president. He was 15th overall … Franklin even devised a new “scheme” for the alphabet that proposed to eliminate the letters C, J, Q, W, X and Y as redundant. Franklin’s later support for the patriot cause put him at odds with his loyalist son. When Junto members sought to expand their reading choices, Franklin helped to incorporate America’s first subscription library, the Library Company of Philadelphia, in 1731. George Washington may rightly be known as the "Father of his Country" but, for the two decades before the American Revolution, Benjamin Franklin was the world’s most famous American.. Franklin was a celebrated scientist and inventor. In 1787, he helped found the Society for Political Inquiries, dedicated to improving knowledge of government.

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