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Many studies have been done on mouse phylogenies to reconstruct early human movements. M. m. domesticus and M. m. musculus have separated about 300,000–500,000 years ago, Their foraging risks the contamination and degradation of food supplies, and can also spread other pests such as fleas, ticks and lice. [27], In open areas such as shrubs and fields, the house mouse population is known as noncommensal. Species similar to or like Mus musculus domesticus. [72] Endemic typhus is highly treatable with antibiotics. Steckbrief . The vocalizations appear to differ between individuals and have been compared to bird songs because of their complexity. Überprüfen Sie die Übersetzungen von 'Mus musculus domesticus' ins Englisch. [79], Evolutionary and behavioural consequences, "A previous study [1943] reported house mice naturally infected with, Staatliches Museum für Naturkunde Karlsruhe, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, "Initial sequencing and comparative analysis of the mouse genome", "Rodent-Proof Construction and Exclusion Methods", "Conversion of the nipple to hair-bearing epithelia by lowering bone morphogenetic protein pathway activity at the dermal-epidermal interface", "Use of the tail for communication in house mice", "Genetic variation and phylogeography of central Asian and other house mice, including a major new mitochondrial lineage in Yemen", "Rattus Biologicus: Coprophagy: Healthy Behavior For Your Rats", "Why can't rodents vomit? [43] They are also less likely and slower to retrieve lost pups than males of monogamous mice. At least 10 different compounds, such as alkanes, alcohols, etc., are detectable in the urine. [43], The polygamous behavior of female house mice promotes sperm competition, which affects both male and female evolutionary fitness. In Mus musculus domesticus and derived laboratory mice (BALB/c), the IGL locus only comprises three IGLV genes belonging to two subgroups (Bernard et al., 1978; Tonegawa et al., 1978a,b; Arp et al., 1982; Weiss and Wu, 1987; Sanchez et al., 1990) (Table 4.7).The IGLV1 and IGLV2 genes that belong to subgroup 1 are localized in the 3’ and 5′ cluster, respectively. Syn: Mus abbotti Waterhouse, 1837, Mus domesticus Rutty, 1772. Mus musculus: Taxonomy navigation › Mus All lower taxonomy nodes (16) Common name i: Mouse: Synonym i-Other names i ›LK3 transgenic mice ›Mus musculus Linnaeus, 1758 ›Mus sp. The area from Scandinavia to the Black Sea is a secondary hybrid zone for M. m. domesticus and M. m. between Mus musculus domesticus and Mus musculus musculus F-chromosomes. They are also known to kill lizards and have a large effect on native insects. These populations are often limited by water or food supply and have large territories. Die kleine Mäusegesellschaft im … Offspring fertilized by multiple males can compete more strongly for mother's resources and can lead to a decrease in body size and variation in body size. As many as seven separate species may be placed under Mus musculus, such as Mus domesticus, western European house mice, and Mus castaneus, southeastern Asian house mice. Subspecies of the house mouse . Mus bactrianus tantillus G.M.Allen, 1927 Mus molossinus Temminck, 1845 Mus molossinus yonakuni Kuroda, 1924 Mus musculus cinereomaculatus Fitzinger, 1867 Mus musculus domesticus Rutty, 1772 Mus musculus varius Fitzinger, 1867 Mus nordmanni Keyserling & Blasius, 1840 Homonyms Mus musculus Linnaeus, 1758 Common names Belosiva hišna miš in Slovenian Mus musculus domesticus occurs in N Africa and ranges in Eurasia from W Europe (and most Mediterranean islands) through S Eurasia to the Caucasus and eastward through Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan to N India and Nepal. [58] The house mouse first arrived in the Americas in the early sixteenth century. J. Croset. All three lineages diverged roughly 0.5 million years ago in the area of the Iranian plateau [9]. This study was designed to gain insights into residents’ impressions of house mice, develop more effective house mouse detection methods, and evaluate the effectiveness of building-wide house mouse management programs. [24] Female-female aggression in the noncommensal house mouse populations is much higher, reaching a level generally attributed to free-ranging species. Odours of unfamiliar male mice may terminate pregnancies, i.e. Species: Mus musculus domesticus; Distribution Table Top of page. Mus: Vrsta: M. musculus: Znanstveno ime; Mus musculus Linnaeus, 1758: Hišna mi š imenovana tudi domača miš (znanstveno ime Mus musculus), je zelo pogost glodavec in škodljivec v bivalnih prostorih človeka. [48] Within a population, males and females show different levels of multiple mating. Westliche Huusmuus (Mus musculus domesticus) Steppen-Huusmuus (Mus musculus spicilegus) Asiaatsche Huusmuus (Mus musculus bactrianus) Mandschurische Huusmuus (Mus musculus manchu) Wagner-Huusmuus (Mus musculus wagneri) Iberische Huusmuus (Mus musculus spretus Disse Siet is toletzt üm 21:10, 8. Mus musculus domesticus, the Western European house mouse, is a subspecies of the house mouse (Mus musculus). Mice can sense surfaces and air movements with their whiskers which are also used during thigmotaxis. They are native to India, and later they spread to the eastern Mediterranean about 13,000 BC, only spreading into the rest of Europe around 1000 BC. 미디어 재생. Hausmäuse, die in beheizten Gebäuden leben sorgen das ganze Jahr über für Nachkommen. Checklist of Palaearctic and Indian Mammals 1758 to 1946, 2nd edition. Mice have become an invasive species on islands to where they have spread during the period of European exploration and colonisation. [49], Intrauterine insemination causes an evolutionary consequence resulting from polyandrous behavior. [20], Mice are generally afraid of rats which often kill and eat them, a behavior known as muricide. … Silver (1995), drawing on detailed genetic analysis, lists 8 true species in the Mus subgenus plus 4 morphologically and biochemically distinct Mus musculus subspecies that together form an M. musculus species group. Terminal (leaf) node. Mus musculus castaneus nama lain: Mus casteneus (tenggara Asia dan selatan *PHOTO) Mus musculus domesticus (barat Eropah, barat daya Asia, Amerika, Afrika, dan Oceania) Mus musculus musculus (timur Eropah dan utara Asia) Dua subspesies tambahan telah dikenalpasti baru-baru ini: Mus musculus bactrianus (tengah Asia) The house mouse first arrived in the Americas in the early sixteenth century. House mice usually live in proximity to humans, in or around houses or fields. Range expansion of the invasive house mouse Mus musculus domesticus in Senegal, Western Africa: a synthesis of trapping data over three decades, 1983-2014. If mice are blind from birth, super-normal growth of the vibrissae occurs presumably as a compensatory response. [26] The social unit of commensal house mouse populations generally consists of one male and two or more females, usually related. [23] Male-male aggression occurs in commensal populations, mainly to defend female mates and protect a small territory. Mice are good jumpers, climbers, and swimmers, and are generally considered to be thigmotactic, i.e. major lineages of Mus musculus, classified as subspecies, are distinguished: the Western house mouse Mus mus-culus domesticus, the Eastern house mouse Mus muscu-lus musculus and the Southeast-Asian house mouse Mus musculus castaneus. The gestation period is about 19–21 days, and they give birth to a litter of 3–14 young (average six to eight). (Mus musculus domesticus) From Northern Italy Heidi C. Hauffe1 and Jeremy B. Searle2 Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3PS, United Kingdom Manuscript received July 24, 1997 Accepted for publication July 30, 1998 ABSTRACT Following the discovery of over 40 Robertsonian (Rb) races of Mus musculus domesticus in Europe and Blood flow to the tail can be precisely controlled in response to changes in ambient temperature using a system of arteriovenous anastomoses to increase the temperature of the skin on the tail by as much as 10 °C to lose body heat. [47] Variation in number of males that females mate with occurs among a population. [39] The competitive aspect of insemination increases the frequency of polyandrous events and fertilizations. Hier leben die Mäuse dann oft in der Nähe von Scheunen. Checklist of Palaearctic and Indian Mammals 1758 to 1946, 2nd edition. [49] Multiple mating by females and paternity confusion can decrease rates of infanticide. [51] Another mechanism for avoiding inbreeding is evident when a female house mouse mates with multiple males. Murine typhus (also called endemic typhus), caused by the bacterium Rickettsia typhi, is transmitted by the fleas that infest rats. Mus mus­cu­lus often refers to sev­eral fairly dis­tinct kinds of mice. All Philippine populations of Mus are now placed in the species M. musculus (subspecies castaneus) and the species is considered to be non-native (Marshall 1977). [49] If the males are uncertain if the offspring are theirs, they are less likely to kill the offspring. [41] The communal nursing groups that result from these behaviors lead to lower numbers of infanticide since more females are able to protect greater numbers of offspring. The three widely accepted subspecies are increasingly treated as distinct species by some:[16][17], Two additional subspecies have been recognized more recently:[17], Many more subspecies' names have been given to house mice, but these are now regarded as synonyms of the five subspecies. The hind feet are short compared to Apodemus mice, only 15–19 mm (9⁄16–3⁄4 in) long; the normal gait is a run with a stride of about 4.5 cm (1 3⁄4 in), though they can jump vertically up to 45 cm (18 in). House mice usually run, walk, or stand on all fours, but when eating, fighting, or orienting themselves, they rear up on their hind legs with additional support from the tail – a behavior known as "tripoding". [39] Females who mate with multiple males tend to produce both pups in greater numbers,[39] and with higher survival rates,[44] increasing female fitness. The mice have since grown unusually large and have learned to attack albatross chicks, which can be nearly 1 m tall, but are largely immobile, by working in groups and gnawing on them until they bleed to death. Polyandry has evolved to increase reproductive success. Die westliche Maus Mus musculus domesticus gelangte erst vor etwa 4000 Jahren mit einer zweiten Einwanderungswelle vermutlich mit Schiffen nach Europa. Mus musculus domesticus - WikiMili, The Free Encyclopedia - WikiMili, The Free Encyclopedia Mice should not be caught and lifted by the tail, as this method has been shown to trigger a ‘prey response’ and result in high anxiety levels ( Hurst & West 2010 ). The immune state and immune responses of laboratory animals, particularly mice (Mus musculus domesticus), are extremely well known, which contrasts starkly with what is known about the immune state of wild animals . The house mouse is distributed almost throughout the world, except the arctic and antarctic. Although a wild animal, the house mouse has benefited significantly from associating with human habitation to the point that truly wild populations are significantly less common than the semi-tame populations near human activity. The house mouse, Mus musculus domesticus, is a common pest in multi-family residential apartment buildings. [45] Polyandry has been shown to increase offspring survival compared to monandry. Mus musculus domesticus Rutty, 1772 Common names Westelijke huismuis in Dutch Bibliographic References. In such a case, there appears to be egg-driven sperm selection against sperm from related males. [45] Male mating behavior is also affected in response to the practice of polygamous behavior. [42], Both evolutionary and behavioral consequences result from the polygamous nature of the house mouse. The lat­ter refers to a patho­log­i­cal con­di­tion caus­ing mice to twit­ter … 2017 May 3;8:14811. doi: 10.1038/ncomms14811. 810. International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, 1990: Opinion 1607. Thirty years after its identification, the model of chromosomal speciation in Mus musculus domesticus is reevaluated using the methods of population biology, molecular cytogenetics and functional genomics. The ancient Egyptians had a story about "The mouse as vizier". Comments: See comments under species account. ", "Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus: an underrecognized cause of neurologic disease in the fetus, child, and adult", "Rickettsia typhi and R. felis in rat fleas (Xenopsylla cheopis), Oahu, Hawaii", "Leptospirosis in the family dog: a public health perspective", "Can predation by invasive mice drive seabird extinctions? Östlich dieser Grenze lebt Mus musculus musculus. Some laboratory mouse strains such as C57BL/6 are domesticated from Mus musculus domesticus. Among them, five compounds are specific to males, namely 3-cyclohexene-1-methanol, aminotriazole (3-amino-s-triazole), 4-ethyl phenol, 3-ethyl-2,7-dimethyl octane and 1-iodoundecane.[35]. [74], Gough Island in the South Atlantic is used by 20 species of seabirds for breeding, including almost all of the world's Tristan albatross (Diomedea dabbenena) and Atlantic petrel (Pterodroma incerta). Resolution of the details of their evolutionary history is complicated by their relatively recent divergence, ongoing gene flow among the subspecies, and complex demographic histories. Although the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention provides a list with diseases transmitted by rodents,[65] only a few of the diseases are transmitted through the house mouse. Ellerman, J. R., and T. C. S. Morrison-Scott, 1966: null. It is this form that was spread inadvertently by European colonization throughout the New World, numerous islands, Australia, and probably southern Africa (see Meester et … The Comparative Immunology of Wild and Laboratory Mice, Mus Musculus Domesticus Nat Commun. [15], Primates (†Plesiadapiformes, Strepsirrhini, Haplorrhini). Mus musculus domesticus: Taxonomy navigation › Mus musculus. [71], Rickettsialpox, caused by the bacterium Rickettsia akari and similar to chickenpox, is spread by mice in general, but is very rare and generally mild and resolves within two or three weeks if untreated. In protected environments, however, they often live two to three years. in der Nähe menschlicher Siedlungen, kann aber auch im Kulturland vorkommen. [14], In addition to the regular pea-sized thymus organ in the chest, house mice have a second functional pinhead-sized thymus organ in the neck next to the trachea. ", Learn how and when to remove this template message, Pictures, movies and applets showing the anatomy of, Comprehensive house mouse information, including pictures, Nolthenius's long-tailed climbing mouse (, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=House_mouse&oldid=1015888882, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from April 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2015, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2005, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Articles containing Bulgarian-language text, Wikipedia external links cleanup from January 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 April 2021, at 04:23. 20–25 g … Mus musculus domesticus, the Western European house mouse, is a subspecies of the house mouse (Mus musculus). [61] The effects of domestication can be rapid, with captive-reared mice differing in boldness and activity patterns compared to wild-caught mice after 4-5 generations in recent research. [66][67][68] Some concern exists that women should not to be infected with LCMV during pregnancy. Mus bactrianus tantillus G.M.Allen, 1927 Mus molossinus Temminck, 1845 Mus molossinus yonakuni Kuroda, 1924 Mus musculus cinereomaculatus Fitzinger, 1867 Mus musculus domesticus Rutty, 1772 Mus musculus varius Fitzinger, 1867 Mus nordmanni Keyserling & Blasius, 1840 Homonyms Mus musculus Linnaeus, 1758 Common names Belosiva hišna miš in Slovenian \"Danc­ing\" and \"singing\" mice are other names for house mice. Some populations are hybrids of different subspecies, including the Japanese house mouse (M. m. The laboratory mouse is the workhorse of immunology, used as a model of mammalian immune function, but how well immune responses of laboratory mice reflect those of free-living animals is unknown. Mus musculus often refers to several fairly distinct kinds of mice. Odours from adult males or from pregnant or lactating females can speed up or retard sexual maturation in juvenile females and synchronise reproductive cycles in mature females (i.e. It was carried aboard on the ships of Spanish explorers and Conquistadors. [3], M. m. domesticus is harmful to humans, for they can damage vegetation and field crops. [46] This behaviour allows for an increase in both the transfer of sperm and paternity success, which in turn increases male fitness. If several females are held together under crowded conditions, they will often not have an estrus at all. Mus musculus domesticus. Here we comprehensively characterize serological, cellular and functional immune parameters of wild mic … In Deutschland gibt es zwei Unterarten: die westliche (Mus musculus domesticus) und die östliche (Mus musculus musculus) Hausmaus. It is one of the most abundant species of the genus Mus. [50] When multiple males mate with one female, there are multiple sets of sperm gametes in a female mouse. [40], Although house mice can be either monogamous or polygamous, they are most commonly polygamous. Oproopstatistik De Text steiht ünner de … "Mus musculus" 분류에 속하는 ... Three Mus domesticus.JPG 2,560 × 1,920; 2.15 MB. usually attempt to maintain contact with vertical surfaces. No known deaths have resulted from the disease. Breeding occurs throughout the year. Ellerman, J. R., and T. C. S. Morrison-Scott, 1966: null. The U.S. CDC currently does not mention rickettsialpox or murine typhus on its website about diseases directly transmitted by rodents (in general). The standard species karyotype is composed of 40 chromosomes. This time lag is thought to be because the mice require agrarian human settlements above a certain size. The ears are fully developed by the fourth day, fur begins to appear at about six days and the eyes open around 13 days after birth; the pups are weaned at around 21 days. [5] The voice is a high-pitched squeak. Male aggression is also higher in noncommensal populations. [78], Many Southern Slavs had a traditional annual "Mouse Day" celebration. Most of the laboratory mice are hybrid subspieces of the Mus musculus; the most commonly used in the laboratories are Mus musculus domesticus and Mus musculus musculus [5]. Males can be induced to emit these calls by female pheromones. Polyandry occurs in 30% of all wild populations of house mice. While being great research animals, the house mouse can also cause problems for humans. The presence or absence of the plug will not affect litter size either. This study was designed to gain insights into residents’ impressions of house mice, develop more effective house mouse detection methods, and evaluate the effectiveness of building-wide house mouse management programs.

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