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This is an important clarification of the law. In the early 2005 federal election the party incurred very small losses and achieved 8.1% of the vote and 51 seats. The switch from a traveling allowance to a mobility allowance, which is paid regardless of income to all employees, replacing company car privileges. The Greens continued to poll in the low 20% range into early 2020. The concept of environmental protection is the cornerstone of Alliance 90/The Greens policy. It is currently the largest party in the G/EFA group, with 21 MEPs. [23] [14][15] In November 2014 the political scientist Franz Walter presented the final report about his research on a press conference.[16]. Opposition to pollution, use of nuclear power, NATO military action, and certain aspects of industrialised society were principal campaign issues. [32] It continues to press for higher minimum wages. Match Stats. Peter Liese (born 20 May 1965) is a German physician and politician who has been serving as a Member of the European Parliament since 1994. View Detlev Harms’ profile on LinkedIn, the world's largest professional community. above €2000/month) and the party's support is less among households with lower incomes. In the 1998 federal election, despite a slight fall in their percentage of the vote (6.7%), the Greens retained 47 seats and joined the federal government for the first time in 'Red-Green' coalition government with the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD). Gegen den Stellenabbau bei der Norddeutschen Philharmonie Rostock. [28] The first poll after the election, conducted by Forsa, showed the Greens up nine percentage points, on 27%, narrowly ahead of the CDU/CSU. At the end of April 2005, they celebrated the decommissioning of the Obrigheim nuclear power station. It can be the result of a responsible person (such … working group "Gays, Pederasts and Transsexuals"). Note that these latter principles will, if I am right, be quite distinct from so-called “retributive” principles: the latter require harm to be imposed on those who have done wrongful harm to others and to be so imposed simply because the agent chose to do that wrong; principles of distributive justice, by contrast, tell us how to distribute harms, justly or fairly, when, regardless of what we do, someone will be … Echt top. This will take place at the Open University, Milton Keynes, on Thursday 5 th July. After some success at state-level elections, the party won 27 seats with 5.7% of the vote in the Bundestag, the lower house of the German parliament, in the 1983 federal election. The railway infrastructure is to remain permanently in the public sector, allowing a reduction in expenditure on road construction infrastructure. Restrict speeds nationwide on the highways to 120 km/h and country roads to 80 km/h. Energy policy is still the most important cross-cutting issue in climate and economic policies. Instead, Harm is defined within the Act, as all harmful conduct and/or: 1. behaviour that causes physical or psychological harm for example harassment and intimidation, causing fear, alarm or distress 2. unlawful conduct which adversely affects property, rights or interests such as theft, fraud or extortion 3. behaviour that causes self-harm and self neglect The following are examples of harm, however this list is not exhaustive: Physical harm Hitting, slapping, pushing, shaking, locking someone in a room, tying to a … Polling data from August 2011 indicated that one in five Germans supported the Greens. ✓   Toetan parlamendis esitatud taotlust, kui on piisavalt teisi esindajaid liitub. [citation needed], The Greens advocate decriminalizing marijuana usage and the private growing of plants. The Greens acknowledge the natural environment as a high priority and animal protection should be enshrined as a national objective in constitutional law. Olen nõus / valdavalt nõus . Last updated: 24 April, 2018 Credits: harmLESS was designed by Paul Stallard, Justin Daddow, Michelle Maguire, Sam Shrubsole and Tim Bowes from Oxford Health NHS Foundation Trust One internal issue in 2002 was the failed attempt to settle a long-standing discussion about the question of whether members of parliament should be allowed to become members of the party executive. Wiesbaden: VS Springer. Winfried Kretschmann is now the first Green to serve as Minister-President of a German State (Cabinet Kretschmann I and II). It was formed in 1993 as the merger of The Greens, formed in West Germany in 1980, and Alliance 90, formed in East Germany in 1990. Germany's anti-nuclear stance was strengthened. Starting in 1990, Switzerland adopted a new approach that combined prevention, repression, health - care, and harm reduction. This covers a wide range of behaviour, but it can be broadly defined as neglecting to care for one’s personal hygiene, health, or surroundings. In May 2005, the only remaining state-level red-green coalition government lost the vote in the North Rhine-Westphalia state election, leaving only the federal government with participation of the Greens (apart from local governments). (Source: Intrafest Dimap political research company for the ARD.[40]). The plans of the Alliance 90/The Greens provide a climate change bill laying down binding reductions to greenhouse gas emissions in Germany by 2020 restricting emissions to minus 40 percent compared to 1990. Joschka Fischer became Vice-Chancellor of Germany and foreign minister in the new government, which had two other Green ministers (Andrea Fischer, later Renate Künast, and Jürgen Trittin). Mijn naam is Harm. This was authorised through the Nuclear Exit Law. Numerous anti-war party members resigned their party membership when the first post-war deployment of German troops in a military conflict abroad occurred under a Red-Green government, and the party began to experience a long string of defeats in local and state-level elections. The Greens benefited from increased inroads among traditionally left-wing demographics which had benefited from Green-initiated legislation in the 1998–2002 term, such as environmentalists (Renewable Energies Act) and LGBT groups (Registered Partnership Law). [25] They achieved record results in the Bavarian and Hessian state elections, becoming the second largest party in the respective Landtags of both states.[26][27]. The party then held a member referendum on this question in the spring of 2003 which changed the party statute. Grüne Liste Umweltschutz (green list for environmental protection) were the names of some branches in Lower Saxony and other states in the Federal Republic of Germany. When can I be given a section 48/49? The November 2003 party convention was held in Dresden and decided the election platform for the 2004 European Parliament elections. [38] The policy change was sponsored primarily by Volker Beck, one of the Party's most prominent gay members. This was the first time the Greens had ever been in first place in a national poll, and the first time in the history of the BRD that any party other than the CDU/CSU or SPD had placed first in a national poll. An effective environmental policy would be based on a common environmental code, with the urgent integration of a climate change bill. Detlev Harms Help us to strengthen citizen participation. Those who remained in the Green party were more strongly pacifist and against restrictions on immigration and reproductive rights, while supporting the legalisation of cannabis use, placing a higher priority on working for LGBT rights, and tending to advocate what they described as "anti-authoritarian" concepts of education and child-rearing. [35] Furthermore, the Greens support research on the drug and the use of marijuana for medicinal purposes. Detlev Harms. [citation needed]. This law has since been overturned. Solar industry and environmental technologies are already a significant part of key industries providing jobs which need to be developed and promoted vigorously. Donate now. If the prison or Immigration Removal Centre think you are unwell and need to go to hospital, they can … In 1986, large parts of Germany were covered with radioactive contamination from the Chernobyl disaster and Germans went to great lengths to deal with the contamination. They also tended to identify more closely with a culture of protest and civil disobedience, frequently clashing with police at demonstrations against nuclear weapons, nuclear energy, and the construction of a new runway (Startbahn West) at Frankfurt Airport. NOTE: This page has been quality assured for 2021 as per our Quality Assurance policy. Harm reduction and the law of the United Kingdom Rudi Fortson Introduction It is not the aim of this paper to advocate the case for, or against, ‘harm reduction’, either as a policy or in respect of projects whose purpose is the reduction of harms associated with drug use. It currently holds 67 of the 709 seats in the Bundestag, and is the smallest of the six parliamentary groups, having won 8.85% of votes cast in the 2017 federal election. This faction campaigned for repealing § 176 of the German penal code, dealing with child sexual abuse. The same polling research also concluded that the Greens received fewer votes from the unemployed and general working population, with business people favouring the party as well as the centre-right liberal Free Democratic Party. [29] This trend continued as polls from May to July showed the CDU/CSU and Greens trading first place. Harm is a term generally used to describe physical injury, pain and death but can also result from non-physical mistreatment such as emotional or financial abuse. Partly due to the impact of the Chernobyl disaster in 1986, and to growing awareness of the threat of air pollution and acid rain to German forests (Waldsterben), the Greens increased their share of the vote to 8.3% in the 1987 federal election. Important figures in the first years were – among others – Petra Kelly, Gert Bastian, de:Lukas Beckmann, Rudolf Bahro, Joseph Beuys, Antje Vollmer, Joschka Fischer, de:Herbert Gruhl, August Haußleiter,[9] Luise Rinser, Dirk Schneider, Christian Ströbele, Jutta Ditfurth, and de:Baldur Springmann. The central idea of green politics is sustainable development. On the other hand, the Greens achieved a major success as a governing party through the 2000 decision to phase out the use of nuclear energy. As an alternative, they promote a shift to alternative energy and a comprehensive program of energy conservation. In Levi v Bates and ors the Court of Appeal held that there was no reason why a “victim of collateral damage” could not also sue for harm foreseeably caused by the course of conduct. A campaign poster at the time proudly stated, "Everyone is talking about Germany; we're talking about the weather! The development of renewable energy and combined heat and power is also a great opportunity for technical and economic innovation. Join Facebook to connect with Detlev Harms and others you may know. The evolution, political prospects, and foreign policy of Germany's Green Party", "Etappen der Parteigeschichte der GRÜNEN", "Study confirms that Stasi infiltrated Greens", "Roth will Pädophilie-Aufarbeitung unterstützen", "Shadows from the Past: Pedophile Links Haunt Green Party", "Viele Entschuldigungen und ein Erklärungsversuch", "Greens, E. German Leftists Join Election Forces", "Krafts Machtplan: Rot-Grün plant Minderheitsregierung in NRW", "Gesetze und Verordnungen – Landesrecht NRW", "Grüner Ortsverband Washington: About us", "Greens Gain in Germany, and the World Takes Notice", Germany's Greens Slump, Dimming SPD Chances of Unseating Merkel, "German Greens in Coalition Governments. [10] A study commissioned by the Greens determined that 15 to 20 members intimately cooperated with the Stasi and another 450 to 500 had been informants. By way of context, the Department of Social Policy & Criminology at the OU will, from August 2018, begin production of our 60-credit level 3 module DD311, Crime, Harm and the State. Minister of Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety Jürgen Trittin reached an agreement with energy companies on the gradual phasing out of the country's nineteen nuclear power plants and a cessation of civil usage of nuclear power by 2020. [33], The Greens want to continue have retirement age start at 67,[34] but with some qualifications, for example, a provision for partial retirement. Später gab sich Oppenheimer in puncto „socialwirtschaftliche Wirksamkeit” seiner Siedlungsgenossenschaft um einiges kleinlauter, berief sich aber weiterhin auf diese Programme. By 2016, the Greens have joined 11 out of 16 state governments in a variety of coalitions. Like the Social Democrats, the Greens backed Chancellor Angela Merkel on most bailout votes in the German parliament during her second term, saying their pro-European stances overrode party politics. It was only due to a temporary modification of German election law, applying the five-percent "hurdle" separately in East and West Germany, that the Greens acquired any parliamentary seats at all. Preventable Patient Harm across Health Care Services: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis (Understanding Harmful Care) A report for the General Medical Council July 2017 Dr Maria Panagioti*,1,2 1,2Ms Kanza Khan, Dr Richard Keers,2,3 Dr Aseel Abuzour,2,3 Dr The Greens had itself merged with the East German Green Party after German reunification in 1990.[6]. The Hamburg state branch of the Green Party was called Grün-Alternative Liste Hamburg (GAL; green-alternative list) from its foundation in 1982 until 2012. The party also opposed imminent reunification that was in process, instead wanting to initiate debates on ecology and nuclear issues before reunification causing a drop in support in Western Germany. After the Chernobyl disaster, the Greens became more radicalised and resisted compromise on the nuclear issue. As of April 2020, the party has 101,561 members, making it the fourth largest party in Germany by membership. Direct harm The Protection from Harassment Act 1997 states that people must not pursue a “course of conduct” which they know (or ought to know) amounts to harassment of a victim. Join Facebook to connect with Detlev Harms and others you may know. The party ranks included several politicians who were later discovered to have been Stasi agents, including Bundestag representative Dirk Schneider, European Parliament representative Brigitte Heinrich, and Red Army Faction defense lawyer Klaus Croissant. Below are charts of the results that Alliance90/The Greens have secured in each election to the federal Bundestag. 7 (1940): 260. It rose out of the anti-nuclear energy, environmental, peace, new left, and new social movements of the late 20th century.[7]. [31], In its 2013 platform, the Green Party successfully advocated for a minimum wage of 8.50 Euro per hour, which was implemented on 1 January 2015. In Baden-Württemberg they became the senior partner in a governing coalition for the first time. This includes environmental policy and safety and social aspects. A Political Analysis", "Poll of Polls – Germany – Bundestag (German Parliament)", "Bavaria election: German conservatives lose their fizz", "Germany election: Further blow for Merkel in Hesse", "Greens surge amid heavy losses for Germany's ruling parties in EU election", "Germany's Greens shoot into first place in poll, overtaking Merkel's conservatives", "Kritik am Wahlprogramm: Grüne Steuerpläne treffen die Mittelschicht – N24.de", "Gesetzlicher Mindestlohn in Deutschland", "The stars have aligned for Germany's Greens", "Drogenpolitik – BÜNDNIS 90/DIE GRÜNEN BUNDESPARTEI", "Frauenpolitik – BÜNDNIS 90/DIE GRÜNEN BUNDESPARTEI", "Lesben, Schwule & sexuelle Identität – BÜNDNIS 90/DIE GRÜNEN BUNDESPARTEI", "Asylschutz für Lesben, Schwule und Transgender ausbauen", "February " 2000 " ARD DeutschlandTREND " Bundesweit " Umfragen & Analysen " Infratest dimap", Official Homepage of Bündnis 90/Die Grünen, European Green Party information on Bündnis 90/Die Grünen, "German Greens and Pax Europa" (English) The Nation article about Green foreign policy, Brandenburg United Civic Movements/Free Voters, Green Party of the Philippines (GPP-Kalikasan Muna), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Alliance_90/The_Greens&oldid=1015750548, Parties represented in the European Parliament, Organizations that support same-sex marriage, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2011, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from March 2021, Articles needing additional references from August 2017, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2017, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Alternative List for Democracy and Environment Protection, SPD (Cabinets Rau V, Clement I and II, Steinbrück), SPD (Senates Böhrnsen II and III and Sieling), CDU and FDP (Cabinets Müller III and Kramp-Karrenbauer), SPD (Cabinets Kraft I (minority government with changing majorities) and II), SPD (Cabinets Beck V and Dreyer I and II). [11][12], Until 1987, the Greens included a faction involved in pedophile activism, the SchwuP short for Arbeitsgemeinschaft "Schwule, Päderasten und Transsexuelle" (approx. Detlef Harms is on Facebook. [39], The Infratest Dimap political research company has suggested the Green voter demographic includes those on higher incomes (e.g. Ik leef een bijzonder raar leven en film dit. Furthermore, the Party advocates for a massive increase in federal spending for places in preschools, and for increased investment in education: an additional 1 billion Euros for vocational schools and 200 million Euros more BAföG (Bundesausbildungsförderungsgesetz in German, approximately translated to "the Federal Law for the Advancement of Education") for adults. Among the important political issues at the time was the deployment of Pershing II IRBMs and nuclear-tipped cruise missiles by the U.S. and NATO on West German soil, generating strong opposition in the general population that found an outlet in mass demonstrations. Ever since the party's inception, The Greens have been concerned with the immediate halt of construction or operation of all nuclear power stations. View the profiles of people named Detlev Har. For almost two years after the federal election in 2005, the Greens were not part of any government at the state or federal level. The Greens have a higher voter demographic in urban areas than rural areas, except for a small number of rural areas with pressing local environmental concerns, such as strip mining or radioactive waste deposits. Alliance 90/The Greens, often simply Greens (German: Bündnis 90/Die Grünen or Grüne; [ˈbʏntnɪs ˈnɔʏntsɪç diː ˈgʁyːnən, ˈgʁyːnə]), is a green political party in Germany. Some critics attribute this poor performance to the reluctance of the campaign to cater to the prevalent mood of nationalism, instead focusing on subjects such as global warming. Minor parties (without representation above district level), 1980s: Parliamentary representation on the federal level, 1990s: German reunification, fall out of parliament for the West, formation of Alliance 90/The Greens, 1998–2002: Greens as governing party, first term, 2002–2005: Greens as governing party, second term, Tony Czuczka and Patrick Donahue (24 September 2013), [Merkel's Cold Embrace Leaves SPD Wary of Coalition Talks]. 35043 Marburg. Those who left the party at the time might have felt similarly about some of these issues, but did not identify with the forms of protest that Green party members took part in. [24] Over the years, they have built up an informal structure called G-coordination to organize interests between the federal party office, the parliamentary group in the Bundestag, and the Greens governing on the state level. The Greens gained a record 13 of Germany's 99 seats in these elections, mainly due to the perceived competence of Green ministers in the federal government and the unpopularity of the Social Democratic Party. The necessary majority of two-thirds was missed by a small margin. Angesichts dieses Optimismus’ erübrigt sich die Frage nach einer Partei der Siedlungsgenossenschafts-Interessenten, die Frage nach einem relevanten politischen Anhängerkreis. [...] to foster professional and personal exchange, channeling the outcomes towards the political discourse in Germany."[20].

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